A Guide to Chemical Storage Buildings
Safety storage of any wastes and hazardous materials is a necessity for various companies. And having said that, to fulfill this need, outdoor chemical storage buildings provide effective solution. These storage buildings are defined simply as a prefabricated structure that is primarily manufactured at site other than the structure’s final location and will be transported in a ready to assemble package or perhaps, completely assembled to the final location.
These buildings also provide economical means of storage and secondary containment since they are able to deduct expense of constructing a permanent structure. Not only that, they also offer many benefits such as allowing buildings to be relocated in case the need arise, portability and so forth.
When you are in the process of choosing an outdoor chemical storage buildings, your decision will depend mostly on the materials that have to be stored, the volume of materials that’ll be stored, location of the building, how the building will be put into used and the design requirements.
Say for example that the materials that’ll be stored are either combustible or flammable, you need a building that fits the NFPA code 30 or equivalent local code. After that, check with the AHJ or Authority Having Jurisdiction to determine which code is enforced locally.
The class for flammable combustible material is referring to NFPA code 30 that dictates what type of building construction is essential. Class 1, 2 or 3 combustible and flammable liquids need either a fire rated building or non combustible building. As for the latter, these are built of non combustible materials similar to steel while the fire rated buildings are made from non combustible materials and has fire resistant insulation in its walls. Not only that, fire rated buildings are divided to categories that are based on the fire resistance walls, openings and roof.
The building’s design will be affected as well by whether you’ll be dispensing from the containers stored in buildings or not. As for buildings that are storing and dispensing class IA liquids and those that are dispensing class IB liquids, explosion relief panels will be required.
The interior part of the building should be able to accommodate the number of required containers in single layer and have enough sump capacity to be able to comply with the Environmental Protection Code Secondary Containment Requirements. The sump containment must be big enough to hold 100 percent of volume of the biggest container that is stored in the building or at least 10 percent of total volume of all containers that are stored within the building or whichever is bigger to meet this regulation.